I thought about re-writing my posts but decided against it. Might as well summarise the content I have been covering so far and go forward from here. It's more fun that way! Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) have started to form a significant part of our investment portfolio. MoneySense has a good article on ETFs and I recommend it as an introduction to what they are. Basically, ETFs are open-ended investment funds listed and traded on a stock exchange, which track or replicate a specific index such as a stock index. Since ETFs are passively managed, their fees are usually lower than those of actively managed investment funds.
We have selected the following ETFs for our portfolio:
The first three ETFs are listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange (SGX) and the next eight ETFs are listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE). The links provide information on the details and holdings of each ETF. The trading and dividend currencies of these ETFs are SGD, USD, EUR and GBP, which is a currency diversification strategy we use to reduce the foreign exchange risk of our portfolio. The holdings in some of the ETFs overlap but they largely cover the major equity markets - US, Europe (including UK), Emerging Markets and Developed Asia Pacific (including Japan). This is a global diversification strategy we use to reduce the concentration risk of our portfolio.